2022-06-29 丨 瀏覽（369）
但它也可能是對領土本身的挑戰，必須在管理它的機構之間建立強大的協同作用，以改善該地區的建筑、學校/文化和工作。Settanta7設計了位于Sesto Fiorentino的新科學 "Anna Maria Enriques Agnoletti "高中，其目的是：一個有吸引力的和受歡迎的建筑，其透明度和蜿蜒性在學習空間和新的城市化背景之間創造了共生關系。
“A contemporary school must be a privileged place for knowledge transmission, a civic center, and a point of reference for the community”. A new scientific high school for the metropolitan area of Florence is a design challenge that can inevitably be resolved at a formal level through a synthesis of the territorial context’s emergencies. But it can also be a challenge for the territory itself that must establish strong synergies between the institutions that govern it to improve the building, school/culture, and work of the area. Settanta7 has designed the new Scientific “Anna Maria Enriques Agnoletti” High School in Sesto Fiorentino with this aim: an attractive and welcoming architecture, whose transparency and sinuosity create a symbiotic relationship between the learning spaces and the new urbanization context.
The new high school is situated in a Florentine plain former agricultural context and develops in one single elongated volume, made up of three blocks, two with a teaching/educational function and one dedicated to the gym. The solidity of the blocks is interrupted by demi-courts which open up towards the scenery and are sloped so as to recall the directors of the country church present on the lot; the orientation of these pits also guarantees perfect lighting of the learning spaces.
If on the one hand, the three blocks have been positioned in a consistent manner, with the urban grid already established, on the other hand, the search for alignment with the church present on site and with an east-west orientation has generated the rotation of volumes and the creation of three courts, access and reception areas for all users.
The building is developed on three floors above ground around the south court and on two around the north court. The rotation of the volumes has generated some terraces with a green covering that recalls the farming landscape reducing the carbon footprint of the new construction, as well as representing an ulterior educational space for students. on which overlook the large perimeter glass walls of the east front. The school is designed to accommodate 900 students in 35 classrooms and 5 labs.
學校的底層構成了一個向當地社區開放的空間。它被劃分為一個禮堂、一個咖啡屋和一個圖書館，以及辦公室和實驗室：由于這些活動，學校將完全成為一個公民中心。以歐洲社區學校為參考，內部設計的靈感來自于創造力、創業精神和師生合作；流動和靈活的分配空間鼓勵非正式關系和創新的教育方法。專門用于 "正面教學 "的空間主要安置在東面，實現更大的照明性能和內部舒適度控制。
The ground floor of the school constitutes a space that is open to the local community. It’s divided into an auditorium, a coffee house, and a library, as well as offices and labs: thanks to these activities the school will fully become a Civic Centre. Using European community schools as a reference, the interiors have been designed inspired by creativity, entrepreneurship, and student-teacher cooperation; the fluid and flexible distributive spaces encourage informal relationships and innovative educational approaches. The spaces dedicated to “frontal teaching” are mainly housed on the east front, achieving greater lighting performance and internal comfort control.
Environmental considerations characterize the whole project. With its reinforced concrete structure, the building displays important energy-saving technological systems: a 140 KWp photovoltaic system, a mechanically controlled ventilation system in all areas, an insulated enclosure, and a solar input reduction system through a screen line. The outdoor area foresees columns for green electronic vehicles and bicycle stands in protected areas, “Because it’s not just the building project itself that sends a clear message about a more environmentally friendly way of planning and living, but also the way of reaching the school” – explain the architects.
Because of the surrounding artifacts, different characters have been chosen for the different fronts. On the western front a continuous facade, with a higher percentage of glass areas compared to opaque portions, as a sign of openness and welcome towards the user and the community; a configuration that poses itself in relation to the cycle path, traffic, and pedestrian mobility and to the nearby green area. labs, with their rigorous and functional character, are towards the East and this has determined an inversion in the transparent/opaque proportion.
The labs are located on the faceted fronts of the courts. Ample emphasis has also been given to the design of connective spaces; which are not only used for the movement of students but also for organizing complementary educational activities. The diffuse library, individual reading spaces, and for group discussions, free time, meetings, and tutoring were born this way, within the connectedness, as satellites that punctuate and enhance communal spaces.
The two main stairs are in fact the heart of the interior’s project: characterized by a double height, they represent the places of vertical connection, where it’s possible for students to build relationships and grow beyond the classroom. A CONI-certified gym and a flexible auditorium complete the school’s equipment. The entrance system is designed for the use of collective spaces even outside the school, in the multifunctional perspective of serving not only the school but also Sesto’s community. “The project took only 15 months, which is very little considering Italian public works” – explain the architects.